An overview of the effects of globalization on the modern age
Positive effects of globalization on the environment
During the s, this declining trust led to increasing volatility in international gold markets and to rising appreciation pressure on the currencies of surplus countries, particularly the German mark and the Japanese yen. On the other hand, the potential for people of different cultural and religious backgrounds to know and understand one another owing to this process is greater than ever before. Fixed exchange rates resulted in the almost unhindered transfer to other economies of a deflationary trend occurring in one particular country in this case, the USA. The income-weak economies which developed in these zones came to be referred to as the Third World in the third quarter of the 20th century. In short, the "friction of distance" is lessened, and the world begins to metaphorically shrink. Cultural globalization Main article: Cultural globalization Cultural globalization refers to the transmission of ideas, meanings, and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations. London: Pimlico. Unless the public health infrastructure is modified to accommodate the health care needs of mobile populations and unless the capacity to monitor mobile populations is strengthened, both pre- and postarrival, the United States and other developed countries will be unable to handle the massive influx of immigrant and refugee populations. Other global developments discussed at the workshop have important public health implications as well, including globally fueled armed conflicts and the massive displacement of people, the inability to monitor and provide adequate health care to the continually growing numbers of mobile people displaced because of war or other reasons, the incapacity to monitor foodborne and trade-related infectious disease risks worldwide, and the growing actual and perceived threats of bioterrorism. Some scholars claim that governments are becoming less influential in the face of an increasingly economic world. By the s, an international gold standard with a system of fixed exchange rates had emerged. Prosperity, welfare and economic progress which market economy is expected to achieve could enhance or create some opportunities for political stability; but it does not necessarily ensure peace or social stability.
Globalization has significant impact on local entities. Chapter 3 describes a variety of new opportunities for enhancing infectious disease control, such as global surveillance capabilities and the changing nature of transnational public health training programs.
What obstacles must be overcome? Eventually, technological advances allowed states to learn of others' existence and thus another phase of globalization can occur. As a result, there was strong population growth in countries with low levels of industrialization during the 20th century.
The Organized Global Economy, This period was characterized by rates of growth in the national income of individual economies from about onward which are unparalleled in history. The resulting strong increase in international trade caused the services sector to expand. If we look at more general definitions, the age of globalization will increase.
International health regulations are being revised accordingly, but this may not be enough. It includes an overview of the main phases of the history of globalization, as well as of radical structural breaks.
Perraton, J. Robinson argues not only are economic activities expanded across national boundaries but also there is a transnational fragmentation of these activities.
Negative effects of globalization
Williamson, Trade and Poverty Chase-Dunn and Hall even believe that it is the establishment of trade ties between China and Rome through the Silk Road about thousand years ago that gave birth to the Afro-Eurasian World System Chase-Dunn and Hall ; see also Benjamin in this volume. These developments have at least one thing in common: if left unchecked, they could have profound and potentially devastating consequences for global public health. Never before have information and data been so easy to access and share. The expansion of the supply of traded goods in regions outside Europe as a result of force, organizational innovations or monetary requirements particularly in China made an important contribution to early globalization. The number of subscribers and users of the Internet are now increasing remarkably. Its impact is profound. They possess huge capitals and assets. North-south training partnerships are but one example of the type of multinational collaboration that the increasing interconnectedness of the world not only allows but demands. Prosperity, welfare and economic progress which market economy is expected to achieve could enhance or create some opportunities for political stability; but it does not necessarily ensure peace or social stability. Modern According to economic historians Kevin H. Could the implementation of free market principle globally enhance international peace and security or prevents wars, as globalists argue? The collapse of the Soviet Union not only ended the Cold War's division of the world — it also left the United States its sole policeman and an unfettered advocate of free market. Some of them managed to make success in the course of modernization e.
The promised funding will potentially provide many new opportunities to strengthen the U. Prosperity, welfare and economic progress which market economy is expected to achieve could enhance or create some opportunities for political stability; but it does not necessarily ensure peace or social stability.
Positive impact of globalization on developing countries
At the same time we can observe in the developed world a growing implementation of energy-saving technologies, environmentally friendly production facilities, which reduced damage to environment but also made a significant contribution to the economic slowdown. Theories of Globalization. There are both distal and proximate causes which can be traced in the historical factors affecting globalization. Finally, the appendices to this report consist of the workshop agenda and papers contributed by David Fidler, Jonathan Mayer, and Andrey Demin. For several reasons, international reactions to public reports of infectious disease outbreaks typically far exceed what is warranted by the actual situation and public health risks. In the s, the growth of low-cost communication networks cut the cost of communicating between different countries. That system includes national governments , their governmental and intergovernmental organizations as well as government-independent elements of global civil society such as international non-governmental organizations and social movement organizations. Finally, globalization demands a new social scientific framework for studying and understanding the emergence of infectious diseases. In addition to economic trade, the Silk Road served as a means of carrying out cultural trade among the civilizations along its network. The gap in the prevalence of TB between U. The Emergence of the Third World Regions in Asia, the Americas and Africa which were not suitable for the settlement of European emigrants were only partty affected by the dynamic growth of the Atlantic world. Consequently, the leading industrial sectors were strongly export-oriented. The changing nature of the sovereignty and territorial basis of governments has tremendous implications for public health legislation and the role of international law in the prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases. For example, when the Algerian football player Zaindeen Zaidan has appeared as a star in the French team in World Cup , French Right Wing started to criticize the presence of non-aboriginal French in the national team Mittelman, Cultures Under Attacks.
based on 64 review