Locke , II, para. In all of the three ideal societies concocted by these men, tyrannical governments or oppressive societies are obstacles to their visions. Consider, for example, the rule against perpetuities, the registration of land titles, or the limits on testamentary freedom; all these would be like an arcane and unintelligible code, to be learned at best by rote, unless we connect them with the point of throwing social authority behind individual control or behind the individual disposition of control over material resources.
Yet whatever its deficiency it in no way hampered Mill in discussing that in which he was principally interested—certain aspects of contemporary Britain on which he had strong opinions.
Such motivation will occur only if the resources are privately owned, so that the loss is theirs or their employer's when a market signal is missed and the gain is theirs or their employer's when a profitable allocation is secured.
In a private property system, property rules are organized around the idea that various contested resources are assigned to the decisional authority of particular individuals or families or firms.
Instrumental labour is labour reduced to meaningless tasks to maximize efficiency, but stripped of the creative experience. Portrait of Mill by George Frederic Watts A System of Logic[ edit ] Main article: A System of Logic Mill joined the debate over scientific method which followed on from John Herschel 's publication of A Preliminary Discourse on the study of Natural Philosophy, which incorporated inductive reasoning from the known to the unknown, discovering general laws in specific facts and verifying these laws empirically.